Robert B. Livingston

Robert B. Livingston


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Robert B. During the Second World War he served in the Pacific and took part in the invasion of Okinawa. In 1946 he began work at the Yale University School of Medicine.

In 1952 President Dwight Eisenhower appointed Livingston as the Scientific Director of the National Institute for Neurological Diseases. He also held the post under President John F. Kennedy. In 1964 Livingston later founded the first ever department of Neurosciences at UCSD.

In the 1970s, Livingston was instrumental in developing some of the first 3-D images of the human brain. Later he was awarded a major grant to develop a prototype computer system to map the brain in three dimensions in microscopic detail.

Livingston was active in several anti-nuclear weapons and peace organizations, including the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War and in 1985 was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace.

Livingston, along with David Mantik, Charles Crenshaw, Ronald F. White and Jack White, contributed to Assassination Science (edited by James H. Fetzer).

Robert B. Livingston died in 2002.

I learned from a former classmate of mine from Stanford who was then a reporter for the Sr. Louis Post-Dispatch, Richard Dudman, that he was one of the White House press group that accompanied the President to Dallas. Not getting much information from the Parkland Hospital, Dick went out to inspect the Lincoln limousine in which the President and Connolly and their wives had been riding. He thought he saw for certain, that there was a through-and-through hole in the upper left margin of the windshield He described the spaling-splintering of glass at the margins as though the missile had entered from in front of the vehicle. When he reached over to pass his pencil or pen through the hole to test its patency, an FBI or Secret Service man roughly drew him away and shooed him off, instructing him that he wasn't allowed to come so close to that vehicle.

If there were a through-and-through windshield penetration, in that location, according to Dick, it had to come from in front. According to him, it would have been impossible to hit the windshield in that location from the overhead angle from the School Book Depository nor would a through-and-through penetration have been likely to be caused by a ricocheting bullet bouncing up from the rear.

What is most relevant from my personal experience is that on that same evening before the President's body on Air Force One had arrived at Andrews AFB I telephoned the Bethesda Navy Hospital. I believe that the call was made before the plane arrived because I recollect that it was following that call that I watched Robert S McNamara (Bob McNamara, is a long-standing, since 1952, mountain-climbing and hiking companion of mine) receive the Kennedy entourage and the casket being lowered on a fork life from the rear of the Air Force One onto the field tarmac.

Inasmuch as I was Scientific Director of two of the institutes at the NIH - and both institutes were pertinent to the matter of the President's assassination and brain injury - the Navy Hospital operator and the Officer on Duty put me through to speak directly with Dr Humes who was waiting to perform the autopsy. After introductions, we began a pleasant conversation. He told me that he had not heard much about the reporting from Dallas and from the Parkland Hospital. I told him that the reason for my making such an importuning call was to stress that the Parkland Hospital physicians' examination of President Kennedy revealed what they reported to be a small wound in the neck, closely adjacent to and to the right of the trachea. I explained that I had knowledge from the literature on high-velocity wound ballistics research, in addition to considerable personal combat experience examining and repairing bullet and shrapnel wounds. I was confident that a small wound of that sort had to be a wound of entrance and that if it were a wound of exit, it would almost certainly be widely blown out, with cruciate or otherwise wide, tearing outward ruptures of the underlying tissues and skin.

I stressed to Dr. Humes how important it was that the autopsy pathologists carefully examine the President's neck to characterize that particular wound and to distinguish it from the neighbouring tracheotomy wound.

I went on to presume, further, that the neck wound would probably not have anything to do with the main cause of death-massive, disruptive, brain injury - because of the angle of bullet trajectory and the generally upright position of the President's body, sitting up in the limousine. Yet, I said, carefully, if that wound were confirmed as a wound of entry, it would prove beyond peradventure of doubt that that shot had been fired from in front-hence that if there were shots from behind, there had to have been more than one gunman. Just at that moment, there was an interruption in our conversation. Dr. Humes returned after a pause of a few seconds to say that "the FBI will not let me talk any further." I wished him good luck, and the conversation was ended. My wife can be good witness to that conversation because we shared our mutual distress over the terrible events, and she shared with me my considerations weighing the decision to call over to the Bethesda Navy Hospital. The call originated in the kitchen of our home on Burning Tree Road in Bethesda with her being present throughout. After the telephone call, I exclaimed to her my dismay over the abrupt termination of my conversation with Dr. Humes, through the intervention of the FBI. I wondered aloud why they would want to interfere with a discussion between physicians relative to the problem of how best to investigate and interpret the autopsy. Now, with knowledge of the apparently prompt and massive control of information that was imposed on assignment of responsibility for the assassination of President Kennedy, I can appreciate that the interruption may have been far more pointed than I had presumed at that time.

I conclude, therefore, on the basis of personal experience, that Dr. Humes did have his attention drawn to the specifics and significance of President Kennedy's neck wound prior to his beginning the autopsy. His testimony that he only learned about the neck wound on the day after completion of the autopsy, after he had communicated with Doctor Perry in Dallas by telephone, means that he either forgot what I told him (although he appeared to be interested and attentive at the time) or that the autopsy was already under explicit non-medical control.

That event, coupled with Dick Dudman's report to me around the same time, of what appeared to him to be a penetrating hole through the Lincoln windshield, seems to me to add two grains of confirming evidence to the conspiracy interpretation. Incidentally, sometime later, I learned that the Secret Service had ordered from the Ford Motor Company a number of identical Lincoln limousine windshields "for target practice". It seems to me that they might have wanted to learn how much protection could be expected from such a windshield. Alternatively, they might have wanted to produce an inside nick in a windshield, without through-and-through penetration, so that they could substitute that nicked windshield for the other one, if it were needed for corroborative evidence relating to the Warren Commission's investigative interpretation and thesis.

I was Scientific Director of the National Institute for Mental Health and (concurrently) of the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Blindness, at the time of the assassination. These two institutes are obviously relevant to interpretations of brain damage sustained by the president.

On the basis of November 22, 1963, broadcasts from Parkland Hospital, I felt obliged to call Commander James Humes, at the Bethesda Naval Hospital, who was about to perform the autopsy. Our telephone conversation was completed before the body arrived at Andrews AFB. I called to retail media reports from Parkland Hospital that there was a small wound in the front of his neck, just to the right of the trachea.

Humes said he hadn't been paying attention to the news, but was receptive to what I had to tell him. We had a cordial conversation about this. Based on my knowledge of medical and experimental analyses of bullet wounding, and personal experiences caring for numerous bullet and shrapnel wounds throughout the battle of Okinawa, I told him that a small wound, as described, would have to be a wound of entry. When a bullet exits from flesh, it violently blows out a lot of tissue, usually making a conspicuous cruciate opening with tissue protruding. A wound of entry, however, just punctures as it penetrates. So I stressed the need for him to probe that wound to trace its course fully and to find the location of the bullet or fragments. I especially emphasized that such a wound had to be an entry wound. And since the president was facing forward the whole time, that meant that there had to be a conspiracy. As we talked about that, he interrupted the conversation momentarily. He came back on the line to say, "I'm sorry. Livingston, but the FBI won't let me talk any longer." Thus, the conversation ended.

Two important subsequent events are noteworthy: Commander Humes did not dissect that wound, and when asked why not, in the Warren Commission hearings, he said that he didn't know about the small wound in the neck until the following day when he had a conversation with Dr. Perry at Parkland Hospital.

A further issue concerns reports of the appearance of cerebellar tissue in the occipital wound. This was first reported "live" as observations by an orderly, and by a nurse, both of whom were in the surgery where attempts to resuscitate the president were conducted prior to his death. I didn't give any credibility to those stories and dismissed them from my focus at the time, attributing what I thought must be mistaken identification of cerebellum to a likely lack of familiarity with neuroanatomy by two non-medically trained individuals. It would be easy to assume cerebellum in looking at macerated cerebral tissue protruding from a bloody wound. But since then, around six reputable physicians who saw the president at that time have testified that cerebellum was extruding from the wound at the back of his head. That is an important clue, indicating that something must have burst into the posterior fossa with sufficient force to uproot the cerebellum and blow a substantial hole through the heavy, covering, well-anchored, tentorium, which separates cerebellum from the main chamber of the skull.


Taking systemic racism from a solvable problem to an achievable solution

Robert Livingston (right) speaks about the most effective path for addressing systemic racism, moderated by Iris Bohnet, (left) Harvard Kennedy School Academic dean. Jacob Blair དྷ listens.

Kris Snibbe/Harvard Staff Photographer


Robert B. Livingston, MD

The lung cancer research community lost a respected leader and significant contributor to the field with the passing of Robert B. Livingston, MD, a Professor of Medicine and Hematology-Oncology at the University of Arizona Cancer Center. He died at home in Tucson, Arizona, on September 8, 2016, at age 75. Dr. Livingston embarked on his career after graduating from the University of Oklahoma College of Medicine in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and completing a residency there in internal medicine in 1971. He then undertook a fellowship in developmental therapeutics at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center until 1973. Dr. Livingston spent more than 30 years investigating both lung and breast cancers during his career in clinical research, and he was known as a leading international advocate and expert on both clinical research and clinical trials. Dr. Livingston formerly chaired the Lung Cancer and the Breast Cancer Committees of the Southwest Oncology Group, and in 2008, he was chosen by his peers as one of the “Best Doctors in America.” Among his many scientific contributions to oncology, Dr. Livingston was among the first to introduce the use of concurrent chemotherapy and radiation for limited small cell lung cancer and stage 3 non-small cell lung cancer.

“Though Bob was among the most respected leaders in the fields of both lung and breast cancer for decades and was in high demand for both when I began working with him, he generously shared his time and wisdom because he enjoyed teaching as much as he enjoyed working with his patients. Beyond what the oncology literature told us, he shared the clinical pearls you can only get from working closely with someone day after day who has deep experience. That he was also such a kind and humble person only made me more grateful for that opportunity.”H. Jack West, MD Medical Director, Thoracic Oncology Program, Swedish Cancer Institute


Conclusion

Robert Livingston participated in the American Revolution from beginning to end. He found himself on the committee which drafted the Declaration of Independence, followed by decades as the leader of New York’s judicial system. Robert went on to participate in many important ways as a Minister on an international scale and assisted in the development of American transportation.

As most of the information in this article are small clips discussing Robert Livingston's part in much larger American events, there is not room here for me to list all of the related links you can visit to learn more. If you are interested in his fascinating life, I recommend the George Dangerfield book below. 'Negotiating the Louisiana Purchase' is also a fun read.

There is also still plenty of time to pick up our Book of the Month 'Plain, Honest Men.'


Robert B. Livingston - History

Alida Schuyler was born in 1656, the third of the ten children of Beverwyck pioneers Philip Pieterse and Margarita Van Slichtenhorst Schuyler. Alida grew up in the Schuyler family home - a center of Albany activity in the years after the English takeover in 1664.

As the daughter of Albany's foremost fur trading family, it was not so surprising that nineteen-year-old Alida would be matched with Nicholas Van Rensselaer, the thirty-nine-year-old son of the founder of Rensselaerswyck - thus joining two of the pre-eminent fortures in the region. The couple had no children before Van Rensselaer died in 1678.

Less than a year later, Alida married Robert Livingston - a recently arrived Scottish opportunist and former clerk of her deceased husband. That union was for life and produced a large family of nine children who went on to establish the Livingstons and the Schuylers in the first rank of New York society.

The couple took up residence in what had been a Van Rensselaer house at the Elm Tree Corner. Encouraged by the Schuylers, Livingston pressed the Van Rensselaers for the balance of Alida's inheritence - making Livingston their sworn enemy and straining the relationship between Alida's family and the patroonship.

Robert Livingston's business frequently took him away from Albany and Alida took charge of her husband's extensive Albany operations. For the first two decades of their marriage, the often expecting wife received instructions from New York, Boston, and London where her husband was forging the largest and most active new fortune north of New York City. Her letters to Robert Livingston over a long period of time testify to the scope of her activities, the depth of her business acumen, and also to the stress the separations placed on their relatiionship. However, Livingston was appointed co-executor in the will filed by her mother (probably in 1707) while Alida was named to share in her estate.

With the coming of age of her eldest son, Philip, middle-aged Alida became less active in their Albany business. By the end of the 1700s, both parents had relocated to the Livingston country estate forty miles south of Albany. While Robert Livingston rarely returned to the place that had caused him much anxiety in the past, Alida frequently visited the Schuylers and her grandchildren in Albany.

By 1716, Alida was living on Livingston Manor and in poor health. Her weakened condition raised fears for her life and brought her husband from the New York Assembly chamber to her bedside for an extended period of time. Over the next decade, neither partner would be in good health. An invalid, Alida died in May of 1727 at the age of seventy-two. That autumn, her body was entombed in the church vault on Livingston Manor. Robert Livingston died a year later and was laid to rest with her in the family vault.

The life of Alida Schuyler Livingston is CAP biography number 95. This profile is derived chiefly from community-based resources and from the extensive resources available for the Schuyler and Livingston families. More recently, Alida Livingston has been the subject of considerable scholarship by Linda B. Biemer. Chief among her works is "Business Letters of Alida Schuyler Livingston, 1680-1726," in New York History 63:2 (April 1982), 182-207, which features translations of twenty-two letters to Robert Livingston - providing unparalleled windows on their business and personal relations. Alida is one of the exceptional women profiled in Biemer's Women and Property in Colonial New York: The Transition from Dutch to English Rule, 1643-1727 (Ann Arbor, MI, 1983).

Portrait by an unidentified artist possibly of Alida Schuyler at the time of her first marriage in 1675. This information accompanies a black and white likeness reproduced in Ruth Piwonka, A Portrait of Livingston Manor (Clermont, NY, 1986), 102. The "colored" image reproduced here was found unattributed on an ineresting Livingston website. Like many early American portraits, the attribution of it as Alida is highly speculative.

As Robert Livingston's nephew, Robert Livingston, Jr., and son-in-law, Samuel Vetch, proved more interested in pursuing their own enterprises, Alida Livingston was called on to manage the daily operations of her husband's diverse business.


Robert Fulton

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Robert Fulton, (born November 14, 1765, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania [U.S.]—died February 24, 1815, New York, New York), American inventor, engineer, and artist who brought steamboating from the experimental stage to commercial success. He also designed a system of inland waterways, a submarine, and a steam warship.

Fulton was the son of Irish immigrants. When their unproductive farm was lost by mortgage foreclosure in 1771, the family moved to Lancaster, where Fulton’s father died in 1774 (not 1786 as is generally written). Having learned to read and write at home, Fulton was sent at age eight to a Quaker school. Later he became an apprentice in a Philadelphia jewelry shop, where he specialized in the painting of miniature portraits on ivory for lockets and rings.

After settling his mother on a small farm in western Pennsylvania in 1786, Fulton went to Bath, Virginia, to recover from a severe cough. There the paintings by the young man—tall, graceful, and an engaging conversationalist—were admired by people who advised him to study in Europe. On returning to Philadelphia, Fulton applied himself to painting and the search for a sponsor. Local merchants, eager to raise the city’s cultural level, financed his passage to London in 1787.

Although Fulton’s reception in London was cordial, his paintings made little impression they showed neither the style nor the promise required to provide him more than a precarious living. Meanwhile, he became acquainted with new inventions for propelling boats: a water jet ejected by a steam pump and a single, mechanical paddle. His own experiments led him to conclude that several revolving paddles at the stern would be most effective.

Beginning in 1794, however, having admitted defeat as a painter, Fulton turned his principal efforts toward canal engineering. His Treatise on the Improvement of Canal Navigation, in 1796, dealt with a complete system of inland water transportation based on small canals extending throughout the countryside. He included details on inclined planes for raising boats—he did not favour locks—aqueducts for valley crossings, boats for specialized cargo, and bridge designs featuring bowstring beams to transmit only vertical loads to the piers. A few bridges were built to his design in the British Isles, but his canal ideas were nowhere accepted.

Undaunted, he traveled in 1797 to Paris, where he proposed the idea of a submarine, the Nautilus, to be used in France’s war with Britain: it would creep under the hulls of British warships and leave a powder charge to be exploded later. The French government rejected the idea, however, as an atrocious and dishonourable way to fight. In 1800 he was able to build the Nautilus at his own expense. He conducted trials on the Seine and finally obtained government sanction for an attack, but wind and tide enabled two British ships to elude his slow vessel.

In 1801 Fulton met Robert R. Livingston, a member of the committee that drafted the U.S. Declaration of Independence. Before becoming minister to France, Livingston had obtained a 20-year monopoly of steamboat navigation within the state of New York. The two men decided to share the expense of building a steamboat in Paris using Fulton’s design—a 66-foot- (20-metre-) long boat with an eight-horsepower engine of French design and side paddle wheels. Although the engine broke the hull, they were encouraged by success with another hull. Fulton ordered parts for a 24-horsepower engine from Boulton and Watt for a boat on the Hudson, and Livingston obtained an extension on his monopoly of steamboat navigation.

Returning to London in 1804, Fulton advanced his ideas with the British government for submersible and low-lying craft that would carry explosives in an attack. Two raids against the French using his novel craft, however, were unsuccessful. In 1805, after Nelson’s victory at Trafalgar, it was apparent that Britain was in control of the seas without the aid of Fulton’s temperamental weapons. In the same year, the parts for his projected steamboat were ready for shipment to the United States, but Fulton spent a desperate year attempting to collect money he felt the British owed him.

Arriving in New York in December 1806, Fulton at once set to work supervising the construction of the steamboat that had been planned in Paris with Livingston. He also attempted to interest the U.S. government in a submarine, but his demonstration of it was a fiasco. By early August 1807 a 150-foot- (45-metre-) long Steamboat, as Fulton called it, was ready for trials. Its single-cylinder condensing steam engine (24-inch bore and four-foot stroke) drove two 15-foot-diameter side paddle wheels it consumed oak and pine fuel, which produced steam at a pressure of two to three pounds per square inch. The 150-mile (240-km) trial run from New York to Albany required 32 hours (an average of almost 4.7 miles [7.6 km] per hour), considerably better time than the four miles per hour required by the monopoly. The passage was epic because sailing sloops required four days for the same trip.

After building an engine house, raising the bulwark, and installing berths in the cabins of the now-renamed North River Steamboat, Fulton began commercial trips in September. He made three round trips fortnightly between New York and Albany, carrying passengers and light freight. Problems, however, remained: the mechanical difficulties, for example, and the jealous sloop boatmen, who through “inadvertence” would ram the unprotected paddle wheels of their new rivals. During the first winter season he stiffened and widened the hull, replaced the cast-iron crankshaft with a forging, fitted guards over the wheels, and improved passenger accommodations. These modifications made it a different boat, which was registered in 1808 as the North River Steamboat of Clermont, soon reduced to Clermont by the press.


ASCO Remembers Dr. Robert B. Livingston

ASCO and the oncology community mourn the passing of medical oncologist Robert B. Livingston, MD. He passed away on September 8, 2016.

Over his 30-year career in clinical research, Dr. Livingston made significant scientific contributions to the fields of lung and breast cancer. He introduced the use of concurrent chemoradiation for limited small cell lung cancer (which produced acceptable toxicity and results superior to the use of either modality alone) and for stage III non-small cell lung cancer (which produced acceptable toxicity, better long-term survival, and became a widely accepted standard of care in good-risk patients). In the setting of recurrent and metastatic hormone receptor-positive, HER2/neu-negative breast cancer, his clinical investigations demonstrated the superiority of combined hormone therapy with fulvestrant and anastrozole over anastrozole alone, setting the stage for multi- rather than unifocal approaches to hormone agents in this population. He also found a lack of benefit with continuously dosed chemotherapy over a dose-dense regimen in the context of anthracycline/cyclophosphamide-based adjuvant treatment for breast cancer.

A strong champion of the cooperative group system, many of Dr. Livingston’s discoveries were made in the context of collaborative, multi-institutional efforts through the Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG). He served as Chair of both the SWOG Lung Cancer Committee (1974-1997) and the SWOG Breast Cancer Committee (2000-2008).

“Bob Livingston was instrumental in early days of lung and breast cancer, especially in SWOG. He was a good friend, colleague, and mentor to many of us. He will be sorely missed,” said ASCO President Daniel F. Hayes, MD, FASCO.

Most recently, Dr. Livingston was a professor of medicine and hematologic oncology at the University of Arizona College of Medicine, specializing in breast cancer. He had a far-ranging career, during which he held positions at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, the University of Washington, the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, and the University of Texas Health Science Center. He completed his medical degree and residency at the University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, and a fellowship in developmental therapeutics at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

An ASCO member since 1975, Dr. Livingston served the Society as Chair of the Nominating Committee and Bylaws Committee.


Livingston History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Livingston surname is habitational, derived from a place named Livingstone (Levingston) in the parish of Linlithgow, West Lothian. The earliest progenitor of the Clan was Livingus, who was at least a noble. Some historians even say that he was a knight of the Hungarian court, who accompanied Margaret, wife of King Malcolm Ceanmore of Scotland, on her journey to Scotland. Other historians claim that Livingus was actually a Saxon who joined the train of Queen Margaret on her way through England and Scotland. In any case, records show he called his territories Levingestun, and that the church of "Leuiggestun," and "a half carucate of land and a toft" were granted to the Monks of Holyrood in the 12th century.

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Early Origins of the Livingston family

The surname Livingston was first found in West Lothian. From this small beginning the Clan would grow into the nobility of Scotland and achieve the Earldoms of Callander, Linlithgow and Newburgh the viscountcies of Kilsyth, Kinnaird and Teviot and the Lordships of Livingston.

Such was the power of this great Clan, that when William Douglas assumed the Regency of Scotland, from his father, the Earl of Douglas who became regent in 1437, he persuaded Lord Livingston to enter into a compact with him to become the Lieutenant of Scotland. When King James II came of age, William Douglas turned on the Livingston Clan, executed the Chief and seized many of their lands. For the next century the Livingston Clan, probably numbering over a thousand armed warriors, was a power unto itself in its home territories in Linlithgow, and they became hereditary keepers of the Royal Palace.

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Early History of the Livingston family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Livingston research. Another 194 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1553, 1715, 1390, 1460, 1467, 1483, 1623, 1600, 1590, 1674, 1616, 1690, 1654, 1728 and 1728 are included under the topic Early Livingston History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Livingston Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Livingston, Levinson, Livingstone, Livington, Levinston, Levingston, Lewynston, MacLeay and many more.

Early Notables of the Livingston family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Thomas Livingston (ca.1390-ca.1460), Abbot-elect of Newbattle, Abbot of Dundrennan, nominal Bishop of Dunkeld, advisor to Kings James I and James II of Scotland James Livingstone (d. 1467), 1st Lord Livingston James Livingston, Bishop of Dunkeld, who was elected Chancellor of Scotland in 1483 Alexander Livingstone (d. 1623), 7th Lord Livingston, who was created Earl of Linlithgow in 1600 James.
Another 64 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Livingston Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Livingston family to Ireland

Some of the Livingston family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 50 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Livingston migration +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Livingston Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Robert Livingston (1654-1728), of Scottish descent, was raised in Holland before arriving in Albany in 1672, where he was a colonial politician and landowner (of Livingstone Manor), and became the secretary for Indian affairs in New York province. He was the start of a line of American statesmen, diplomats, and jurists, including his son Phillip Livingston (1716-1778) of New York, NY a signer of the American Declaration of Independence
  • Robert Livingston, who arrived in Albany, NY in 1673 [1]
Livingston Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Donald Livingston, who settled in New York in 1739 with his wife Isabel and two sons John and Duncan
  • Alexander Livingston, who landed in Virginia in 1754 [1]
  • William Livingston, who settled in Virginia in 1772
  • Isaac Livingston, who landed in South Carolina in 1772 [1]
  • George Livingston, a 22-year-old mason who sailed aboard the "Gale" in 1774, bound for New York, NY
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Livingston Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Joseph Livingston, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1806 [1]
  • Gordon Livingston, aged 21, who arrived in South Carolina in 1812 [1]
  • Robert Y Livingston, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1813 [1]
  • Hugh Livingston, who settled in Charleston in 1820
  • Henry Livingston, who landed in New York in 1822 [1]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Livingston Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Jacob Livingston, who landed in Mississippi in 1900 [1]
  • Robert F Livingston, who arrived in Arkansas in 1901 [1]

Livingston migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Livingston Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. John Livingston U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario c. 1784 [2]
  • Mr. Neil Livingston U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario c. 1784 [2]
  • Mr. William Livingston U.E. who settled in Augusta, Ontario c. 1784 [2]
  • Mr. William Livingston U.E. who settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario c. 1784 [2]
  • Mr. Daniel Livingston U.E., "Livingstone" who settled in Canada c. 1784 [2]
Livingston Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Dond Livingston, who arrived in Canada in 1812
  • Dond, Livingston Jr., who arrived in Canada in 1812
  • Miles Livingston, who landed in Canada in 1812
  • Miles Livingston, who arrived in Canada in 1815
  • Donald Livingston, who landed in Canada in 1817
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Livingston migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Livingston Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Livingston, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Canton" in 1846 [3]
  • Miss Jane Livingston who was convicted in Glasgow, Scotland for 14 years, transported aboard the "Cadet" on 4th September 1847, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [4]
  • Duncan Livingston, aged 41, who arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Prince Regent" [5]
  • Duncan Livingston, aged 41, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Prince Regent" in 1851 [5]
  • Christina Livingston, aged 25, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Prince Regent" in 1851 [5]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Livingston migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Livingston Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • David Livingston, aged 24, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1842
  • James Livingston, aged 42, a farm labourer, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mariner" in 1849
  • Mary Livingston, aged 39, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mariner" in 1849
  • James Livingston, aged 10, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mariner" in 1849
  • John Livingston, aged 7, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mariner" in 1849
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Livingston (post 1700) +

  • Miss Catherine Charlotte Anne Livingston M.B.E., British Lieutenant Colonel for the Royal Army Medical Corp for Army Reserve was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire on 17th June 2017
  • Ms. Jenifer Elizabeth Sara Livingston B.E.M., British recipient of the British Empire Medal on 8th June 2018, for services to the community in County Armagh[6]
  • Miss Margaret Kathleen Livingston B.E.M., British Secretary for Bronte Society for the Irish Section was appointed the British Empire Medal on 8th June 2018, for services to Literary Culture in Northern Ireland[6]
  • Mrs. Marilyn Margaret Livingston M.B.E., British Director for The Adam Smith Global Foundation and Chairperson for the Cottage Family Centre, was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire on 8th June 2018, for services to the community in Kirkcaldy, Fife[7]
  • Mr. Alistair MacFadyen Livingston B.E.M., British Volunteer for Tobermory Coastguard Rescue Team, was appointed Medallist of the British Empire Medal 29th December 2018 for services to HM Coastguard [8]
  • William Samuel Livingston (1920-2013), American political science professor and academic, acting president of the University of Texas at Austin (1992-1993)
  • William Livingston (1723-1790), American Governor of New Jersey (1776�) during the American Revolutionary War, signer of the United States Constitution
  • Stanley Livingston (b. 1950), American actor, best known for his role as Chip on the TV show "My Three Sons"
  • Shaun Livingston (b. 1985), American professional basketball player
  • Ronald Joseph "Ron" Livingston (b. 1967), American actor
  • . (Another 106 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Related Stories +

The Livingston Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Si je puis
Motto Translation: If I can.


Alfonso Texidor reads poetry from the Spanish Civil War

Alfonso Texidor reads poetry from the Spanish Civil War
Alfonso Texidor lee poesía de la guerra civil española

On September 5th, 2009, the much-loved San Francisco poet, activist, and journalist Alfonso Texidor read selections from some of his favorite poets at the Cafe La Boheme near the corner of 24th and Mission.

This is a recording from that event.

El 5 de septiembre de 2009, el poeta, activista y periodista de San Francisco muy querido, Alfonso Texidor leer selecciones de algunos de sus poetas favoritos en el Café La Boheme cerca de la esquina de 24 y Mission.

Esta es una grabación de ese evento.

Rafael Alberti
A las brigadas internacionales
(In Spanish and English)

César Vallejo
I
Himno a los voluntarios de la república

IV
Los mendigos pelean por España.

V
Imagen española de la muerte

XV
España, aparta de mí este cáliz


Robert R. Livingston

Robert R. Livingston was born in New York City in August 1718. He studied law, was admitted to practice, and became a prominent member of the Bar. He was appointed a judge of the Court of Admiralty in 1760, and was commissioned as Fourth Justice of the Supreme Court of Judicature on March 16, 1763.

Livingston represented Dutchess County at the Provincial Congress from 1759 to 1768. He was a member of the Stamp Act Congress of 1765 and the New York-Massachusetts Boundary Commission in 1767 and 1773. He was also a member of the Committee of 1775 which was elected to control all general affairs.

Although Robert R. Livingston was the only justice of the Supreme Court who sided with the colonists at the commencement of the Revolution, he was not in favor of American independence, but rather favored the continuance of the colonial government provided that the colonists were entitled to all the rights of Englishmen. On the Bench, he opposed the practice of granting general warrants to customs officers to search for dutiable goods. He was the father of Robert R. Livingston, Chancellor of New York and Edward Livingston, distinguished lawyer and statesman. He died on December 9, 1775.

McAdam, David., ed. A History of the Bench and Bar of New York. Vol. 1. New York, 1897.

The Medico-Legal Journal 22 (1904).

About The Society

The Historical Society of the New York Courts was founded in 2002 by then New York State Chief Judge Judith S. Kaye. Its mission is to preserve, protect and promote the legal history of New York, including the proud heritage of its courts and the development of the Rule of Law.

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Watch the video: Gunsmoke Ranch 1937. Full Movie. Robert Livingston. Ray Corrigan. Max Terhune


Comments:

  1. Goltimuro

    In general, it's funny.

  2. Tygokora

    Not bad, I liked it, but I thought it was the best.

  3. Malanris

    Agree, useful thought

  4. Everton

    This topic is simply incomparable :), I like)))

  5. Jud

    Between us, I would ask the moderator for help.

  6. Nolen

    I apologize, but this variant does not come close to me. Who else can say what?



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